Frontera Fund Helps DACA Recipients

The United States has always stood firm, and proud of the governmental rights provide for it’s people. For more than 100 years, it has been the melting pot of the world where people from many countries have been made to feel welcome. These people have lived and worked in the United States. They have raised their families, and been productive citizens, with many earning their citizenship. Here in this country, they were not seen as foreigners who were here to invade on a certain culture. They just wanted to maintain their own cultural values, and to be treated with respect.

There have been some controversial issues surrounding some of these cultures of late. They are no longer sure of whether or not they have a life here in this country. There has been much talk of deportation, and building walls, that it is hard to feel comfortable any more. Many organizations and individuals who advocate for the civil, human, and immigrant rights of people have become actively involved in protesting the current decisions being made by Republican lawmakers and politicians in some states. The DACA program, which is Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, is one organization that is coming under scrutiny.

DACA provides youth who have no documentation, but who meet certain requirements, amnesty against deportation. They are allowed to get social security numbers, work in the United States, and get a drivers license in some states. Some are even eligible to access college tuition fees in the state in which the reside. These opportunities are renewable every two years. The GOP extremist members are launching attacks against DACA. The attorney general of Texas went so far as to send a letter to the President and his administration requesting an end to the DACA program. He threatened to pursue legal action if this was not done by September 5.

The oppositions to DACA are not expecting this to happen abruptly, but they do want any new applications not to be considered, and for there to be no renewals for those currently in the program. The letter sent by the Texas attorney general was also signed by eight other attorney generals and one governor. The Secretary of Homeland Security met in a closed meeting with the Hispanic Caucus and stated that there are already many legal cases challenging the program that protects more than eight hundred thousand individuals. Organizations are gearing up to defend the DACA program, and the rights of the people involved.

Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey are rendering the service of their Frontera Fund, which was established to help protect the First Amendment Rights of individuals.They are providing guidance, information, and assistance to help in the fight to protect DACA.

These two journalists are very adamant about advocating for those who have little to no voice, and can not be heard by those in political positions. This is a fight for justice that will not end in a matter of days, or even weeks, but the people will be heard.


End Citizens United: Ending The Influence Of Big Money

Although the issue is first raised immediately after the Supreme Court’s decision in the court case of Citizens United versus the Federal election commission, there has still been no conclusion to the influence of big money in politics. Across the nation, there has been growing sentiment that corporate mega-donors are having undue influence on our nation’s politicians.

In response to this growing unrest political action committee End Citizens, United was formed on March 1, 2015. Under the combined leadership of Tiffany Muller and Matt Burgess, the organization has since grown to encompass more than 3 million members and has managed to generate over $60 million in political campaign contributions.

In an effort to demonstrate the power of grassroots political campaigning processes the organization is ready to endorse a number of new senatorial members for the midterm elections in 2018. Two such senators that have followed in the footsteps of their forerunners have taken a public oath to reject corporate mega-donors donations from special interest groups and corporate political action committees. Over 100 other Democrats have made a similar statement in the last three years. Members of Congress that are running the challenge recipients of donations from corporate mega-donors include Randy Bryce who is challenging speaker of the house Paul Ryan in Wisconsin and Representative Beto O’Rourke who is challenging Texan Sen. Ted Cruz.

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In this nation’s political climate one may be tempted to say that politicians who refuse to receive donations of operations are the underdogs would be surprised to see the momentum that End Citizens United has managed to create. Through the combined efforts of the organization’s members across the country, several candidates have managed to raise significantly more money than their rivals who are sponsored by corporations. By campaigning on platforms of campaign-finance reform politicians across the nation are making a public statement that they are there to serve their constituents and not the interests of corporations. As the issue of campaign finance reform is growing ever closer to the forefront of American politics, especially with individuals who label themselves as independents, End Citizens United believes that their endorsement of political candidates who are in favor of campaign-finance reform will defeat their opposition.

While current Republican president Donald Trump campaigned on an anti-establishment message, his policies may not necessarily reflect his promises. Individuals who are receiving endorsements from End Citizens United are not just capitalizing on the sentiment of the American populace but are campaigning with intent to enact meaningful legislation that will reform the way campaign financing is ran in our country. In 2018 about 70 candidates that are running for public office have made public statements declaring an absolute rejection of corporate donations in comparison to the only three candidates did the same in 2016.

The Trabuco; An Ancient Siege Master

Designed to fling large weights in enemy walls and fortifications, the Trabuco was the perfect siege machine demolishing and collapsing fortress structures by five hits. Though history debates about its origin, the Chinese are the people who discovered the Trabuco. It could hurl 140 kilograms of weights at high speeds over a distance of 800 meters.

Working in the same way as an improved sling, the structure is composed of a long piece of wood levered on a motor. The sling was tied to the extended part of the lever, while a stabilizer would hold firm the shorter side. For it to have more power, people would pull strings attached to the weight. It required about 250 individuals to operate a Trabuco which necessitated developments.

From Asia, the Trabuco entered Europe and was greatly used during crusades. It was the Vikings who used it first before it got to Germany and later France when the Vikings attacked Paris. For over 700 years, the Trabuco was a feared war machine as it terrorized opponents by firing projectiles. The Arabs modified it, giving it more stability and capacity to throw over a ton of weight in the 13 century according to They added weight on the lever increasing the distance of projectiles.


Apart from throwing stones, the Trabuco was one of the first machines to be used for chemical warfare. During the Middle Ages, it would be loaded with sick animals and dead human beings, who would be thrown into sieged enemies. The animals would spread the diseases and war would be won.

The last known warfare involving the Trabuco was by Herman Cortez when he conquered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan according to It is thought that he lacked gunpowder which by then had been discovered and opted to use the Trabuco. In 1779, British troops constructed a Trabuco when they had limited firearms in defending the Strait of Gibraltar against Spain. The Trabuco was outdated after the discovery of cannons and gunpowder.

In 2013, rebel troops in Syria Civil War were recorded using a counterweight Trabuco in defence against government troops projecting explosives at police. Again, during the anti-protest laws in Ukraine, people used Trabuco to fire Molotov cocktails and bricks. Apart from these two cases, Trabuco is often found built by hobbyists and medieval connoisseurs.

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